The Merino sheep breed originates from Spain. It has since been widely spread and raised worldwide.

Physical Characteristics:

Merino sheep are of medium size, compact, and elegant in structure. While white is the most common color, some subtypes may exhibit different color variations. They have leaf-shaped ears and a refined facial profile. Their wool is fine, curly, and dense.

Meat Quality:

Although the primary focus of Merino sheep is wool production, their meat is also valuable. Their meat is lean and usually has good flavor.

Milk Yield:

Merino sheep have a lower milk yield compared to some other breeds. Their main production purpose is wool, and milk yield is of secondary importance.

Fertility and Lambing:

Merino sheep generally have good fertility rates. They tend to be good mothers and typically give birth to single lambs.

Adaptation Ability:

Merino sheep have a broad adaptation ability, being capable of adjusting to various climate and environmental conditions.

Feeding and Care:

Proper nutrition and care are essential for the healthy development of Merino sheep. The quality of their diet can affect both wool and meat quality.

Genetic Importance:

Merino sheep possess a particularly valuable genetic potential for wool production. They play a significant role in the wool industry.


The lifespan of Merino sheep can be influenced by proper care and management. Under healthy conditions, they can live for many years.

Usage Areas:

Merino sheep are primarily bred for wool production. They are also raised for meat, although to a lesser extent.

Technical Data:

  • Average Body Weight: Ewe 45-55 kg, Ram 65-80 kg
  • Average Wool Weight: 4-6 kg (Varies based on quality)
  • Fertility Rate: Average of 1-2 lambs per year
  • Milk Yield: 40-80 kg/year (Varies based on breed and care quality)
  • Lifespan: 10-12 years

Merino sheep are a significant small ruminant breed known for their wool quality and adaptation ability. Their versatile use extends to both wool and meat production.